Attica, Tetradrachm, 490-407 AV JC, Athens, Silber 17,1*
biete in diese auktion aten tetra dracme silber ca. 450 vor cristus. 17,1 gram wie auf der bild zu sehn istAus einem bestimmten Grund - dem Gesetz über den Verkauf von eBay, Sammlermünzen, Barren, Banknoten und Briefmarken. Ich muss ausdrücklich angeben, dass ich verkaufe -schrot Silber, Bronze und Kupfer. - Ich beschreibe jedes Stück Metall biziungsweise Münze, die ich verkaufe, und beschreibe es So finde ich es im Internet. Ich bitte Sie, bei mir zu kaufen, was Sie auf den Bildern sehen. als Abfallmaterial. Ich kann keine so große Menge alter Altmünzen auf die Probe stellen, daher verkaufe ich einen Startpreis von 1 € und empfehle allen Kunden, selbst zu entscheiden, ob sie kaufen oder nicht.Ich bin seit mehr als 30 Jahren in meinem Besitz, seit ich in den 70er Jahren aus Serbien kam.alle alte kunde wisen alles von vo diese schrot material in form von münze komt. alle frage werde ich gern beantworten. so weit das ich antworten kahn. ich bin für jedes kolegialen verainbarung bereit,nur kaine verkauf auser EBAY. um sicher zu gen das ich keine ebay grundsatz verletze gebe ich nochmall gros geschriben aus sicherheit grunde volgendes.VERKAUFE METALSCHROT SILBER BRONZE KUPFER:----------------------------------------------------For a reason - the law on the sale of eBay, collector coins, bars, banknotes and stamps. I must state explicitly that I sell -red silver, bronze and copper. - I describe every piece of metal or coin that I sell and describe it How to find it on the internet. I ask you to buy from me what you see in the pictures. as waste material. I can not test such a large amount of old coins, so I sell a starting price of € 1 and recommend all customers to decide for themselves whether they buy or not.I have been in my possession for more than 30 years since I came from Serbia in the 70s.All old customers will know everything from vo this scrap material in the form of coin comt. I will gladly answer all questions. as far as I can answer. I'm ready for any collegial agreement, just kaine selling out EBAY. To be sure that I do not give any ebay principle violations, I still give a big shred for safety reasons.SALE METAL SCRAP SILVER BRONZE COPPER:--------------------------------------------------below is abstract from wikipedia to info which schtickt silver shot I sell in this auction----------------unten ist auszug aus wikipedia zum info welche schtickt silber schrot ich in diese auktion verkaufe
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia"Drachma" redirects here. For the moth genus, see .
This article contains .Without proper , you may see .
Drachma (: Modern Greek: , Ancient Greek: ; pl. drachmae or drachmas) was the used in during several periods in its history:
An currency unit issued by many during a period of ten centuries, from the throughout the , the up to the under .
Three currencies, the first introduced in 1832 and the last replaced by the in 2001 (at the rate of 340.75 drachma to the euro). The euro did not begin circulating until 2002 but the exchange rate was fixed on 19 June 2000, with legal introduction of the euro taking place in January 2002.
It was also a .
Ancient drachmaDrachma in the Greek worldAbove: Six rod-shaped obeloi (oboloi) displayed at the , discovered at . Below: grasp of six oboloi forming one drachmaAthenian silver of "heraldic type" from the time of , 545–510 BC. Obverse: Four-spoked wheel. Reverse: Incuse square, divided diagonallyGreek of Aegina. Obverse: Land / Reverse: ΑΙΓ(INA)and dolphin. The oldest Aegina chelone coins depicted sea turtles and were minted ca. .Silver tetrobol (4/6 of drachma) from . Obverse: wearing stephane. Reverse: ΜΑΣΣΑ[ΛΙΗΤΩΝ] (of Massalians), lion standing right.Tetradrachm from . 105th , 360 BC. Obverse: Head of Zeus. Reverse: The nymph Olympia, inscription: ΟΛΥΜΠΙΑ.Silver Drachma of , minted at . Obverse: Head of Herakles. Reverse: Zeus Aëtophoros.
The name drachma is derived from the verb δράσσομαι (drássomai, "(I) grasp"). It is believed that the same word with the meaning of "handful" or "handle" is found in tablets of the . Initially a drachma was a fistful (a "grasp") of six (metal sticks, literally "") used as a form of currency as early as 1100 BC and being a form of "bullion": bronze, copper, or iron ingots denominated by weight. A of over 150 rod-shaped obeloi was uncovered at in . Six of them are displayed at the .
It was the standard unit of silver coinage at most ancient Greek mints, and the name obol was used to describe a coin that was one-sixth of a drachma. The notion that drachma derived from the word for fistful was recorded by (387–312 BC) who was informed by the priests of Heraion that , king of Argos, dedicated rod-shaped obeloi to Heraion. Similar information about Pheidon's obeloi was also recorded at the .
normally had distinctive names in daily use. The Athenian was called , the was called , the Corinthian was called hippos and so on. Each city would mint its own and have them stamped with recognizable , known as in numismatics, along with suitable inscriptions, and they would often be referred to either by the name of the city or of the image depicted. The exact exchange value of each was determined by the quantity and quality of the metal, which reflected on the reputation of each mint.
Among the Greek cities that used the drachma were: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and more.
The 5th century BC ("four drachmae") was perhaps the most widely used coin in the Greek world prior to the time of (along with the ). It featured the helmeted profile bust of on the obverse (front) and an owl on the reverse (back). In daily use they were called γλαῦκες glaukes (owls), hence Γλαῦκ’ Ἀθήναζε, 'an owl to Athens', referring to something that was in plentiful supply, like ''. The reverse is featured on the national side of the modern .
Drachmae were minted on different weight standards at different Greek mints. The standard that came to be most commonly used was the Athenian or Attic one, which weighed a little over 4.3 grams.
After 's conquests, the name drachma was used in many of the kingdoms in the , including the kingdom in and the based in what is modern-day . The unit of currency known as (: درهم), known from pre- times and afterwards, inherited its name from the drachma or (δίδραχμον, 2 drachmae); the dirham is still the name of the official currencies of and the . The (: Դրամ) also derives its name from the drachma.
It is difficult to estimate comparative exchange rates with modern currency because the range of products produced by economies of centuries gone by were different from today, which makes calculations very difficult; however, some historians and economists have estimated that in the 5th century BC a drachma had a rough value of 25 (in the year 1990 – equivalent to 46.50 USD in 2015), whereas classical historians regularly say that in the heyday of ancient Greece (the fifth and fourth centuries) the daily wage for a skilled worker or a was one drachma, and for a (juror) half a drachma since 425 BC.
Modern commentators derived from that half a drachma per day (360 days per year) would provide "a comfortable subsistence" for "the poor citizens" (for the head of a household in 355 BC). Earlier in 422 BC, we also see in Aristophanes (Wasps, line 300–302) that the daily half-drachma of a juror is just enough for the daily subsistence of a family of three.
A modern person might think of one drachma as the rough equivalent of a skilled worker's daily pay in the place where they live, which could be as low as US$1, or as high as $100, depending on the country.
Fractions and multiples of the drachma were minted by many states, most notably in , which minted large coins in gold, silver and bronze.
Notable Ptolemaic coins included the gold pentadrachm and octadrachm, and silver tetradrachm, decadrachm and pentakaidecadrachm. This was especially noteworthy as it would not be until the introduction of the in 1486 that coins of substantial size (particularly in silver) would be minted in significant quantities.
For the Roman successors of the drachma, see .
Denominations of Ancient Greek drachma
The weight of the silver drachma was approximately 4.3 grams or 0.15 ounces, although weights varied significantly from one city-state to another. It was divided into six obols of 0.72 grams, which were subdivided into four tetartemoria of 0.18 grams, one of the smallest coins ever struck, approximately 5–7 mm in diameter.
Denominations of silver drachmaImageDenominationValueWeightGreekDekadrachm10 drachmae43 gramsΔεκάδραχμονTetradrachm4 drachmae17.2 gramsΤετράδραχμονDidrachm2 drachmae8.6 gramsΔίδραχμονDrachma6 obols4.3 gramsΔραχμήTetrobol4 obols2.85 gramsΤετρώβολονTriobol(hemidrachm)3 obols(1⁄2 drachma)2.15 gramsΤριώβολον(ἡμίδραχμον)Diobol2 obols1.43 gramsΔιώβολονObol4 tetartemoria(1⁄6 drachma)0.72 gramsὈβολός(ὀβελός)Tritartemorion3 tetartemoria0.54 gramsΤριταρτημόριον(τριτημόριον)Hemiobol2 tetartemoria(1⁄2 obol)0.36 gramsἩμιωβέλιον(ἡμιωβόλιον)Trihemitetartemorion3⁄2 tetartemorion0.27 gramsΤριημιτεταρτημόριονTetartemorion1⁄4 obol0.18 gramsΤεταρτημόριον(ταρτημόριον,ταρτήμορον)Hemitetartemorion1⁄2 tetartemorion0.09 gramsἩμιτεταρτημόριον
Historic currency divisions8 chalkoi = 1 6 oboloi = 1 drachma70 drachmae = 1 (or mna), later 100 drachmae = 1 mina 60 = 1 (Athenian standard)
Minae and talents were never actually minted: they represented weight measures used for commodities (e.g. grain) as well as metals like silver or gold. The mentions both didrachma and, by implication, tetradrachma in context of the . includes a told by Jesus of a woman with 10 drachmae, who lost one and searched her home until she found it.
Ich verkaufe Münzen das Erbe meines Großvaters. Münzen wurden im Jahr 1972 in einem Sarg in einem alten Haus in der Serbia-- BELGRAD wir gebracht, um zu bauen ein neues Haus gefunden. In einer Periode von 3 Jahren habe ich all diese Münzen nach Deutschland gebracht. Seitdem waren sie mein Privateigentum. Mein Großvater war beim Außenministerium angestellt und war bis 1939 Konsul in Paris. Nach den Informationen, die ich von meinem Vater erhalten hatte, brachte der Großvater aus Paris eine große Menge verschiedener antiker Münzen mit. Großvater war ein sehr großer Freund mit dem Herrn; Vaiferts Dynastie im alten Jugoslawien - das Königreich der Serben der Kroaten und Slowenen - der Gouverneur einer zentralserbischen Bank und ein großer Sammler von antiken Münzen.Es ist weithin bekannt für ein ernstes Sammlerpublikum. Ich persönlich war nicht an dieser Art von Kollusion interessiert und ich bin nicht erzogen worden. Mein Wissen ist sehr gering, alles, was ich verkaufe, sucht nach ähnlichen oder ähnlichen Artikeln im Internet, um potenzielle Kunden zu vergleichen und zu informieren. Ich bitte alle Kunden, dieses Schreiben zu verstehen. Aus Sicherheitsgründen werden alle Münzen zum Verkauf als Altmaterial -siber-Bronze-Kupfer-.oder als Münzen, die später erstellt wurden. grose teil Münzen das verkaufen wir alle in Säure gereinigt und sind gut sichtbare Spuren von Reinigungs- und Gebrauchsspuren. einige sind fast zerstört. Ich verkaufe diese Münzen so, wie du sie auf den Bildern siehst. Ich bitte alle Interessenten, nur zu kaufen, wenn die Münze mag oder nicht kauft. Ich werde ständig von großen Händlern angegriffen, die meine Verkäufe brechen wollen, all meine negativen Bewertungen sind nicht korrekt und stammen von großen Händlerr . alle Münzen, die Sie mit mir innerhalb von 14 Tagen zurück, ohne ebay berichtet, das Problem zu kaufen, ist es genug, um eine einzelne Nachricht zu senden. Ich wünsche allen viel Glück beim Kauf meiner Münzen.
I sell coins my grandfather's heritage. Coins were found in 1972 in a coffin in an old house in the Serbia-- BELGRAD we found to build a new house. In a period of 3 years I brought all these coins to Germany. Since then they have been my private property.
My grandfather was employed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and until 1939 was consul in Paris. According to the information I received from my father, the grandfather from Paris brought with him a large number of different antique coins. Grandfather was a very great friend with the Lord; Vaifert's dynasty in ancient Yugoslavia - the kingdom of the Serbs of Croats and Slovenes - the governor of a central bank and a great collector of ancient coins. It is well known to a serious collector's public. Personally, I was not interested in this kind of collusion and I was not educated. My knowledge is very low, everything I sell looks for similar or similar items on the Internet to compare and inform potential customers. I ask all customers to understand this letter. For security reasons, all coins are for sale as scrap-over-bronze-copper-or as coins that were later created. We sell all of them in acid and are clearly visible traces of traces of cleaning and usage. some are almost destroyed. I sell these coins the way you see them in the pictures. I ask all interested parties to buy only if the coin likes or does not buy. I'm constantly being attacked by big traders who want to break my sales, all my negative reviews are not accurate and come from big traders. Any coins you return with me within 14 days, without ebay being reported to buy the problem, is enough to send a single message. I wish you all the best of luck in buying my coins.